segunda-feira, 23 de dezembro de 2013

Borgonha Branco: Grand Cru e Premier Cru

Na última 5ª feira, dia 19 de dezembro, realizamos no Rosmarino mais uma fantástica degustação, desta vez de Borgonha Brancos: Grand Crus e 1er Cru, com a presença de 6 confrades e um convidado, o nosso amigo Miguel Lopes. Foram degustados 7 vinhos das denominações: Saunt-Aubin, Mersault, Chablis, Chassagne-Montrachet, Puligny-Montrachet e Mercurey, das safras 2007, 2008, 2009 e 2010. O menu escolhido pelo nosso confrade Paulo estava excepcional.

Couvert: Pão italiano, mini-ciabata, pão de queijo, patê de roquefort, manteiga e azeitona.

Primeiro prato: Vitel toné.

Segundo prato: Capellini com camarão creme e vodka (refogado no azeite, flambado na vodka e enriquecido com creme fresco e mesclado ao taglioline fresco feito na casa).

Sobremesa: Entremet de chocolate, Torta de nozes carameladas, Merengue de chocolate belga e avelãs, Carolinas de creme, Ovos nevados, Profiteroles, Terrine de Frutas, Tiramisú, Creme brulée, Pastiera di grano, Bavarese de chocolate e Tarte Tatin

Como de costume o serviço e a execução dos pratos estavam exceletes.

A degustação contou com sete vinhos, com níveis alcoólicos variando entre 12,5% e 13,5%.

A seguir uma breve descrição dos vinhos degustados:

Saint-Aubin 1er Cru 2008
Produtor: Jean-Claude Boisset
País/Região: França/Saunt-Aubin
Graduação alcoolica: 13.5%
Uvas: Chardonnay
Confrade: Miguel

Mersault-Blagny 2007
Produtor: Louis Latour
País/Região: França/Mersault/Cote Dór
Graduação alcoolica: 13.5%
Uvas: Chardonnay
Confrade: Ricardo

Chablis Premier Cru Vaillon 2010
Produtor: Dom. Christian Moreau
País/Região: França/Chablis
Graduação alcoolica: 12.5%
Uvas: Chardonnay
Confrade: Paulo

Chassagne-Montrachet 2008
Produtor: Paul Pillot
País/Região: França/Chassagne-Montrachet
Graduação alcoolica: 13.5%
Uvas: Chardonnay
Confrade: Joubert

Puligny-Montrachet Folatieres 2008
Produtor: Joseph Drouhin
País/Região: França/Puligny-Montrachet
Graduação alcoolica: 13.5%
Uvas: Chardonnay
Confrade: Marcio

Mercurey Chateau Chamirey La Mission 2007
Produtor: Domaines Devillard
País/Região: França/Mercurey
Graduação alcoolica: 13.5%
Uvas: Chardonnay
Confrade: João Luiz

Chablis Premier Cru 2009
Produtor: Alain Geoffroy
País/Região: França/Beines prés Chablis
Graduação alcoolica: 13%
Uvas: Chardonnay
Confrade: Calabro

Vinhos degustados

Alguns dos vinhos degustados se mostraram bem mais aromáticos e complexos do que outros e a preferência acabou sendo mais diversa entre os confrades.

Nesta degustação, os resultados do nosso painel apresentaram, uma pequena amplitude de notas, em linha com as boas degustações do ano, sendo na média aparada de 3 pontos (de 88,1 a 91,1).

O vinho que ficou em último lugar foi o Chablis Premier Cru 2009, produzido por Alain Geoffroy, na região de Beines prés Chablis, com 13% de alcool, escolhido o pior vinho por 3 confrades e o segundo melhor por outro.

O segundo melhor vinho do painel, foi o Chateau Chamirey La Mission 2007, produzido por Domaines Devillard na região de Mercurey, com 13,5% de alcool, que apesar de ter sido o pior vinho para um confrade, foi escolhido o melhor vinho por um e o segundo melhor por outro.

O Campeão da noite, foi o Saint Aubin 2008, produzido por Jean-Claude Boisset, na Região de Saint-Aubin, com 13.5% de alcool, tendo sido escolhido o melhor vinho por quatro confrades e o segundo melhor por outros dois.

Vejam os resultados completos abaixo.

Não se esquecam que no dia 17/Janeiro degustaremos Sauvignon Blanc da Nova Zelandia. Até lá....

Não percam a próxima degustação.

sexta-feira, 20 de dezembro de 2013

Agenda 2014

16/Janeiro               Sauvignon Blanc Nova Zelândia
20/Fevereiro            Uvas Brancas Autoctones do Mediterrâneo
20/Março                 Pinot Noir
16/Abril (4a feira)    Douro
15/Maio                   Cabernet Sauvignon - California
25/Junho (4a feira)   Barbaresco
17/Julho                  Tintos Uruguaios
21/Agosto                Cabernet Sauvignon Europeu, exceto França
18/Setembro            Barbera D’Alba vs Barbera D’Asti
23/Outubro              Tintos da Africa do Sul
13/Novembro           Nebbiolo
18/Dezembro           Riesling: Alsacia vs Alemanha

quarta-feira, 18 de dezembro de 2013

sábado, 14 de dezembro de 2013

A Brief Guide to White Wine Burgundy Appellations

The Mâconnais
It is one of Burgundy’s best-value white wine regions. Its wines used to be unremarkable and simple, rarely lasting more than a year or two after the vintage, but since the late 1990s most growers have been making oak aged, complex and reasonably concentrated wines which will develop well in bottle. The appellations that stand out:  Mâcon Villages, in particular from La Roche Vineuse, Lugny, Milly-Lamartine and  Uchizy, St Véran, Pouilly Vinzelles and Pouilly Loché, viré Clessé, and Pouilly Fuissé
Côte Chalonnaise
Few wines from the Côte Chalonnaise are designed for long ageing, but there are many attractive white wines at very affordable prices for drinking within 2-3 years from the vintage date. The best white wines come from the village-appellations of Bouzeron (a unique appellation for wines from the Aligoté grape only), Rully - Best vineyards include Clos St Jacques, Gresigny, La Pucelle, Rabourcé, Montagny - Best 1er crus include Les Coères, Les Jardins.
Côte de Beaune Whites
The heartland for white burgundy is the Côte de Beaune with its three great villages, Meursault, Puligny-Montrachet and Chassagne-Montrachet. Here the vineyard classification system really comes into its own.
On the flattest land, the wines will be classed only as generic Bourgogne Blanc; as the slope begins to rise the wines are designated by the name of their village.At mid-slope the finest vineyards, whose wines will be bottled separately, are categorised as Premier Cru (e.g. Meursault Charmes) or Grand Cru (e.g. Le Montrachet). 
White wines produced under the AOC Bourgogne make up the vast proportion of Burgundy’s output. These are best enjoyed within 3 or so years, and are very reasonably priced compared to their higher-end counterparts.
Its wines are typically rich and savoury with nutty, honeyed hints and buttery, vanilla spice from the oak. Even though it is considerably larger than its southerly neighbours Chassagne and Puligny, Meursault contains no Grand Crus. Its three best Premier Crus, however - Les Perrières, Les Genevrières and Les Charmes - produce some of the region’s greatest whites: they are full, round, powerful and age very well. Perrières in particular can produce wines of Grand Cru quality, a fact that is often reflected in its price.

Many of the vineyards below Premier Cru, known as ‘village’ wines, are also well worth looking at. Many growers vinify their different vineyard holdings separately, which rarely happens in Puligny or Chassagne. Such wines can be labeled with the ‘lieu-dit’ vineyard alongside, although in smaller type to, the Meursault name.
Premier Cru Meursault should be drunk from 5 to 15 years of age, although top examples can last even longer. Village wines are normally at their best from 3 to 10 years.
When it comes to the world's greatest white wines, the border between Chassagne and Puligny is the x that marks the spot, the treasure at the end of the rainbow. Within a few hundred metres lie five wonderful Grand Crus, 3 of which are in Chassagne. They are led by the luscious, perfumed, but variable, Le Montrachet, to which Chassagne gained permission in 1879, along with Puligny, to hyphenate its name.
Both Montrachet and the rich, nutty, honeyed Bâtard Montrachet are shared between Chassagne and Puligny. The fragrant, very fine and rare Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet however, lies entirely within Chassagne's borders. The Grand Crus have their own appellations which is why Chassagne (or Puligny) does not appear on the label.
Chassagne's style is often described as lying between that of Puligny-Montrachet and Meursault: less fine than Puligny, less rich than Meursault but containing elements of both. Chassagne is minerally yet succulent, often floral with hints of hazelnuts.
Despite a bevy of very good Premier Crus, it is not as good or famous, overall, as Meursault and Puligny, but it is usually extremely good value. Grand Crus should not be opened before 8 years of age and can last for 20 or more. Premier Crus are at their best from 5 to 15 years of age; village wines from 3 to 8.
Sandwiched between the larger Chassagne and Meursault, Puligny produces wines that are more striking than any in the Côte d’Or, portraying a floral elegance alongside a stylish, steely concentration. They are very different to Meursault: more refined and delicate, and less rich.
Village level Puligny-Montrachet from top growers can be very good indeed. The reputation of Puligny-Montrachet is based around its four Grand Crus. Many considering Montrachet to be the greatest white wine in the world. At its best it has an intensity, complexity and elegance that make you wonder how such a wine could be made from mere grapes.
The luxurious and explosive Chevalier-Montrachet is not quite as deep although it is probably the next best. Only marginally less impressive, and rather more consistent than Montrachet is the richly textured Bâtard-Montrachet (also shared with Chassagne).  Bienvenues-Bâtard-Montrachet is equally good, with the focus on honeyed finesse and exquisite balance rather than richness. 
A host of fabulous Premier Cru vineyards can reach Grand Cru quality. Brimming with flavour and intensity, Le Cailleret and Les Pucelles, which both lie across the road from Le Montrachet, are prime candidates, along with Les Demoiselles, Les Combettes and Folatières.

One of the most famous wine names in the world, Chablis has suffered from many imitators. 50 years ago there were just 400ha of vineyards in Chablis, but today there are 4,900ha. Both the generic and premier cru vineyards have doubled since the early 1970s and now includes areas of Portlandian as well as traditional Kimmeridgian clay.
Being further north than the rest of Burgundy, and on a different version of limestone (Kimmeridgian, with some Portlandian), the wines are subtly different in style - a touch more austere with a beautiful fresh minerality which makes them so good with seafood. Purists think that only the Kimmeridgian soils, with traces of marine fossils, should be used.
Outlying (Portlandian) vineyards are designated as Petit Chablis. The vast majority of production is classified as Chablis, without any vineyard name, while 40 vineyards are classified as premier cru. However several of these are grouped together to make 11 more commonly used premier cru designations. The 7 grand crus are in a group together overlooking the town of Chablis and the River Serein.
3,780 hectares of Chablis and Chablis premier cru vineyards (40 in all). Best vineyards include: Fourchaumes, Montmains, Mont de Milieu, Montée de Tonnerre, Vaillons, Vaucoupin.
103 hectares of grand cru vineyards (7 in all). Blanchots, Bougros, Les Clos, Grenouilles, Preuses, Valmur, Vaudésir.

Source: Berry Bros & Rudd